In either IELTS Writing or Speaking part you may come across essay question or speaking topics like Crime, Prisons, Crime Prevention, Community service, Crimes on TV, etc. If you do not know the specific vocabulary for this topic, it will be difficult to get a decent score for the Lexical Resource criterion - the variety of vocabulary.
Word list on Work topic here: https://yourielts.net/prepare-for-ielts/ielts-vocabulary/work-vocabulary
Word list on Studies topic here: https://yourielts.net/prepare-for-ielts/ielts-vocabulary/studies-vocabulary
Word list on Accommodation topic here: https://yourielts.net/prepare-for-ielts/ielts-vocabulary/accommodation-vocabulary
For a band 8.0, you need to use topical vocabulary and precise words - not general words, but different words which are specific to the topic.
If the topic is Crime, then you need to write words specifically about crime, for example, types of crimes, synonyms for the word criminal.
serve a term
past criminal records
get into crime
commit crimes like burglary, extortion, robbery and blackmailing
enforce strong vocational training
prisoners should be counselled by psychologists
place people in prison for longer periods
a prison sentence
rehabilitate a prisoner
commit a serious offence such as assault
longer prison sentences will act as a deterrent for criminals
to deter crime
mix with other criminals
long prison sentences
normal, productive members of society
break the law
deter teenagers from committing crimes
Crime rate has increased manifold these days.
many convicts tend to repeat crimes
get released from jail
an employee with criminal record
prevent them from committing crimes again
Constant psychological counselling is necessary for …
to rehabilitate ex-criminals
to prevent them from committing further crimes
be put in prison to ensure the safety of other citizens
People who commit crimes often have no other way of making a living.
Many prisoners re-offend when they are released.
Offenders mix with other criminals who can be a negative influence.
The main causes of crime are poverty and unemployment.
Possible measures to reduce re-offending:
Rehabilitation programmes prepare prisoners for release into society.
Community service is another way to reform offenders.
Prisons should provide education or vocational training.
The authorities should organise schemes that provide financial assistance
The job of the police is to catch criminals.
They must also prevent crime and make communities safer.
There should be an increase in the number of police officers on the streets.
They should focus on young people who have dropped out of school.
Rehabilitated prisoners are less likely to re-offend
Prisoners receive vocational training
Prisoners should learn personal skills and specific job skills
Rehabilitation aims to make them better citizens
Capital punishment or death penalty
Capital punishment deters crime
Fear of the death penalty stops people from committing offences
The cost of imprisonment is avoided
Innocent people could be wrongly convicted and executed
Capital punishment is not a good deterrent
Executing prisoners creates a violent culture and encourages revenge
It could be a solution to prison overcrowding
Community service is a way to reform offenders
It avoids the cost of imprisonment
It makes offenders useful in their local communities
Offenders repay their community
Community service is not a sufficient punishment
Guns and Weapons
to be armed
to own firearms
use guns in self defence
This deters criminals
The threat of a gun can deter criminals
a risk of accidents with guns
Suicide rates have been shown to rise when guns are available
Police officers can forces a criminal to surrender
The police may shoot violent criminals in self defence
The police can shoot an escaping criminal who poses a serious danger to the public
The police might shoot an unarmed criminal
Accidents can happen in public places
alternatives to guns: tear gas or sprays, andelectric shock weapons)
Weapons may be used in conflicts and wars
The supply of arms could be responsible for deaths
Nuclear weapons should be prohibited
Nuclear weapons are capable of destroying whole cities
Governments should limit the production of nuclear weapons
There is a danger of nuclear weapons being obtained by terrorists
Armed forces deter military attack by another country
They provide security and protection
Soldiers are also used to help in emergency situations, such as natural disasters
Too much money is spent on weapons and military technology
Armies require a lot of funding from governments
How to master IELTS Writing: Task 1 & Task 2
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